The demand for computer scientists continues to grow in the modern world. Everything is
transforming around us, undergoing a
digital makeover. With so many individuals becoming
part of this field, how much technology has expanded and the rate at which it is
developing comes as no surprise. Computer science itself is split into different
sub-fields, each with its own set of specialized employees.
The process of writing instructions in the form of code, commonly referred to as
programming, is however, one thing common to almost all these fields. It lies at the
core of computer science and gives it the power to create and eliminate things. With the
number of existing programming languages reaching the three-digit mark, and as each
programming job has its own specific set of requirements, it can be extremely daunting
to figure out which language to learn. This article offers a list of the best
programming languages to learn in 2021, to make your job easier.
which is an open-source, dynamic programming language, has only registered most of its
growth in the last few years. The language is mainly popular because of its coding
structure, particularly the Whitespace indentation feature, which is easy to learn and
For beginners, Python is considered one of the most appropriate programming languages as
it is very user-friendly.
Python has been used to build many popular applications, including Reddit, Instagram and
It is also suitable for web development, scientific computing, and 3D rendering.
development that is primarily known for dynamically adding web applications and browsers
It can also be used for animation creation and web interface control. Its support for all
modern browsers is another advantage.
Because of its applications in the development of web, mobile and smart device
which is an open-source language used to create server-side applications, has been in
With many wonderful apps like Temple Run, Angry Birds, and Candy Crush Saga created in
Java, it is the primary language choice for mobile developers. Due to its robust and
secure nature, even many government agencies and Fortune 500 firms prefer to use Java.
For writing software and application codes, C, which is one of the oldest programming
languages, is good. It is known for producing high-performance computing and embedded
systems where flexibility and speed are required.
It is said that several modern languages, such as C++, Java,
It also facilitates the way to learn modern languages such as C++ and PHP. The basis of
many popular operating systems including Linux, Windows, and OSX, is also considered to
The flexibility of use, easy memory management, and strong coding support are other
C++ is a programming language developed from C that is object-oriented. The main
difference between the two is that the use of' objects' is supported by C++. This makes
C++ a natural choice for GUI and graphics-based software development.
While C is mostly used to construct basic applications such as operating systems, in
higher-level applications such as video games, C++ is commonly used.
In the C++ language, many popular graphics-based applications and games have been
developed, including Fifa, Halo, and Call of Duty.
A programming language developed by Google is Golang, referred to as "Go for short. In
recent times, Golang is slowly gaining fame with the concepts of multithreading and
distributed systems becoming highly popular. This language is one of Silicon Valley's
most widely used languages at the moment. Go has been designed so that multithreading is
easily supported and allows processes to run simultaneously, which is why this language
was used to create projects such as Kubernetes, Docker, Blockchain, etc.
In 1995, the language was first introduced to allow complex statistical analysis and
visual graphics applications to be programmed.
The name 'R' was derived from the first letter of the names of its developers.
As it is an open-source language, a number of robust features are available for free
download and are supported.
It runs on all major
Linux, Windows, and MacOS operating systems.
It is a scripting language mainly used for the development of websites that are dynamic.
It is an open-source language and produces scripts on the server side.
PHP is popular because it is easy to
learn and is platform and OS independent. Web development in PHP can be quickly learned
by new programmers.
It was first created as a language for web development but is now used for different
tasks as a general-purpose programming language.
In the development of over 200 million websites, including Facebook, WordPress, and
Yahoo, PHP has so far been used.
Swift is a rather new language that was introduced for iOSand
OS X application
development by Apple in 2014. Since it adopts the features of Objective-C and C
languages, it makes the perfect platform for creating an intuitive app. Simple yet
powerful, it is. It became an obvious choice for developing intuitive apps soon after
Kotlin is a JetBrains-designed language whose work focuses on the development of Android
applications. This is precisely why, putting it ahead of Java,
Google decided to name
Kotlin as the official language for Android development. And the fact that Kotlin is one
of the languages to be learned in 2021, as Android is the highest-selling mobile
operating system, comes as no surprise.
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